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古交市出租车司机血压血糖血脂水平调查
陈裕展,张卓敏,王佳鑫
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摘要:
目的 分析古交市出租车司机血压、血糖、血脂情况,为其关注和提高自身健康提供科学依据.方法 对古交市192名男性出租车司机及对照组200名随机选取的男性进行健康体检,测其血压,血糖,血脂水平,并对结果进行统计学分析,分析高血压、高血糖、高血脂发生情况.结果 在192名接受体检的出租车司机中,其高血压,高血糖,高血脂发生率均高于正常人,差异有统计学意义(P〈0.05).问卷调查显示,大部分出租车司机有长期吸烟,睡眠不足,很少参加体育锻炼等不良的生活习惯.结论 古交市出租车司机的健康状况不容乐观,应加强健康教育及管理,逐渐改变其生活习惯,预防控制慢性疾病的发生.
关键词:  出租车司机  高血压  高血糖  高血脂
DOI:
基金项目:
The situation of hypertension,hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemiaof taxi drivers in Gujiao city of Shanxi province
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Abstract:
Objective The aim of this study was to investigate the situation of blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid of Taxi Drivers in Gujiao city of Shanxi province to provide a scientific basis for improving health of them. Methods A cohort of 192 taxi drivers who attend the healthy physical examination inhospital were enrolled in study group. Another 200 male who didnt work as taxi driver, and attend the healthy physical examination at the same time and in the same hospital were includedin control group, measuring the blood pressure, blood glucose and blood lipid of them. Statistically analyze the results. Results The incidence rates of hypertension, hyperglycemia and hyperlipidemia in study group were significantly higher than those in control group (P 〈 0.05 ). The result of questionnaire survey showed that most of the taxi drivers have long - term smoking, lack of sleep, rarely participate in physical exercise and other unhealthy habits. Conclusions The health status of taxi drivers in Gujiao city was worse than other vocational population. Health education and management should be strengthened to abandon unhealthy habits and prevent the occurrence of chronic diseases.
Key words:  Taxi drivers  Hypertension  Hyperglycemia  Hyperlipidemia

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